Management basically refers to controlling a group or a set of entities to accomplish the goals.
It is a process of planning, making decisions, organizing, leading, motivating, and controlling the resources of an organization. These resources can be human resources, financial, physical, or information resources.
A key to achieving success is to assemble a strong and stable management team. Management is working with objectives. Some of the management skills are;
Responsibilities of management
The basic responsibilities of management that you need to know before the essay writing about management are as follows;
Implementation of tactical actions
Measuring and reporting performance
Application of rules and policies
Implementation of disciplinary rules
Organization of tasks and people within the structure
Recruitment of people for jobs
Checking and managing the ethics and morals of the organization
Improving the productivity and efficiency
Motivating and encouraging employees
Delegating and training employees
Leadership basically refers to the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the success of the organization.
It is the art of motivating a group of people to achieve a common goal. In a business setting, it can be directing workers with a strategy to fulfill the company's needs.
Leadership emphasizes interpersonal behavior in a broader sense. Leadership is not considered as a part of the job but it is the quality of an individual. The work that a leader does is clearly not assigned rather it comes about spontaneously.
You are a leader if your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more, and become more. A leader possesses many skills, some of them are as follows;
Responsibilities of leadership
Leadership is usually a greater responsibility than management. The basic responsibilities of leadership are as follows;
Creating the new vision and aim
Establishing financial targets to achieve
Assessing what needs to be measured and reported
Creating new rules and policies
Deciding on structures, hierarchies, and workgroups
Establishing ethical and moral positions
Conceiving new opportunities
Inspiring and empowering others
Also, include all the management responsibilities
Relationship between management and leadership
Management and leadership are often used interchangeably. A good manager must have good leadership skills.
A leader can always be a manager but a manager is not a leader in every case. Most of the workgroups are found to be more loyal to leaders as compared to managers.
The most important objective of a manager is to maximize the output of the organization through good managerial performance. On the other hand, a leader always seeks and understands new possibilities in the organization.
Differences between management and leadership
Leadership differs from management in a huge range of characteristics. Leadership is inspiring people; management is keeping the trains running on time. Leadership is mainly a part of the directing function of management. The differences between management and leadership are;
The managers make the structure and envoy the authority and responsibility, while leaders provide direction by creating vision inspiring people to achieve it.
Management includes focusing on planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling, while leadership focuses on listening, building relationships, teamwork, inspiring, motivating, and persuading the followers.
A leader gets his authority from his followers; a manager gets his authority by virtue of his position.
Managers follow the organization’s policies and procedures, while the leaders follow their own instinct.
Management is more of science while leadership, on the other hand, is an art.
Management deals with the technical dimension in an organization, while leadership deals with the aspect of people in an organization.
Management evaluates people by their records, while leadership sees and evaluates individuals by their potential.
Management is reactive, while leadership is proactive.
Management is based on written communication, while leadership is based on verbal communication.
Overlap between management and leadership
Management and leadership somehow overlap at some points. The biggest fundamental overlap between leadership and management is that good leadership always includes the responsibility for managing.
The leader is responsible for ensuring that there is appropriate and effective management. But it would be incorrect to say that management also includes a responsibility to lead. Management can be a function or responsibility within leadership but not vice-versa.
This is a fundamental overlap that leadership has a bigger and deeper role than management.
Managers vs. leaders
When you are doing essay writing about management there are some characteristics that would be helpful to differ managers from leaders are;
● Origin of manager and leader
A person becomes a manager by virtue of his position, while a leader is self-made, and has built-in qualities.
● Major functions of manager and leader
A manager performs the cultural functions of the organization.
While a leader influences people to work willingly for group objectives.
● Accountability of manager and leader
A manager is accountable for self and subordinates’ behavior and performance in the organization, while a leader has no well-defined accountability.
● The personality of managers vs. leaders
The management emphasizes more on rationality and control. Leadership is a practical effort to direct affairs and to fulfill tasks.
A manager requires many people to operate efficiently. It takes persistence, tough-mindedness, hard work, intelligence, analytical ability, tolerance, and goodwill to be a manager.
When the problems demand greatness, then only leaders can do it.
The presence of great leaders may undermine the development of managers.
For the ultimate success, we need people who can be both, a leader as well as a manager.
Managerial culture differs from the entrepreneurial culture. The managers and leaders differ in motivation, personal history, and their way to act in a particular situation.
● Attitudes of managers and leaders toward goals
Managers tend to adopt impersonal attitudes toward goals. Managerial goals generated out of the necessities of the organization rather than the desires. Hence they are deeply embedded in the organization’s history and culture.
The perception of leaders about goals is different. Leaders tend to adopt a personal and active attitude toward goals. They are more active instead of being reactive and shape ideas instead of just responding to them.
The influence a leader determines the direction a business takes. This influence changes the way people think about desirability, possibility, and necessity.
● Relationships of managers and leaders with others
Managers prefer to work with people and avoid indulging in solitary activities because such activities make them anxious. There are two themes that clarify the managerial attitudes toward human relations;
1. Seeking out activity with other people
2. Maintaining a low level of emotional involvement in the relationships
The manager does include reconciling differences, seeking compromises, and establishing a balance of power.
The managers may lack empathy. Empathy is not simply paying attention to other people. It is the capacity to make emotional signals meaningful in a relationship.
Managers relate to people according to the role they play, while leaders relate in a more intuitive and empathetic way.
There are many tactical moves that managers use to change human situations. But such tactics focus on the decision-making process, and the process interests managers rather than leaders.
Leaders attract strong feelings of identity and difference. Human relations in leader-dominated structures may appear to be more turbulent, intense, and at times even disorganized.
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